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Francis Gillet

Francis Gillet


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Francis Warrington Gillet was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on 28th November 1895. After attending the University of Virginia Gillet joined the United States Air Service on 1st April 1917. On 25th July, 1917, he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. After being trained in Canada and England, he was posted to the Western Front in March 1918.

As a member of the 79 Squadron Gillet scored 20 victories. Captain Edward Rickenbacker was the only USA pilot with a better record than Gillet. He also won the Distinguished Flying Cross after successfully destroying three German aircraft and two kite balloons in one flying expedition. Other awards include the Belgian Croix de Guerre and the British War Medal.

Francis Warrington Gillet died on 21st December, 1969.


Francis Joris

  • Cristiane Joris
  • Guy Albert Joseph Joris 1931-2018 Married toMarie-Thérèse Ghislaine Strumelle 1922-1989
  • Francis JorisMarried toJosette Daco
    Francis JorisRelationship withJeanne Genin

GILLET or GILLETT or GILLETTE?

1. Who donated the land that became Penwood State Park?
2. What is the bedrock under most of Bloomfield?
3. What organization controlled the schools in Wintonbury?
4. What Kaman product was used by Charlie Byrd, Neil Diamond, Gabor Szabo and John McLaughlin?
5. A _____ ____ is to a drummer as a Stradivarius is to a violinist, according to the Hartford Times.

GILLET OR GILLETT OR GILLETTE?

The above names have been prominent in the history of Wintonbury/Bloomfield from its earliest times. And even today we see the name – Gillette Ridge, for example. In the eighteenth century the name was sometimes spelled Gillet, and sometimes Gillett, and, in the 1850s, the family went back to the original French spelling, Gillette. Abel, Cornelius and Jonathan Gillet were among the petitioners who requested ‘parish privileges’ which led to the formation of Wintonbury Parish in 1738.

The Gillets and the Hubbards were both prominent families in the Congregational Church. Abel Gillet was a farmer with about 200 acres of land where St. Thomas Seminary is now located and stretching eastward. About 1760, the Gillets and the Hubbards had a feud, the nature of which is not entirely clear today. Abel led a group away from the church to start a new one that took the name ‘Separatists’, then ‘Separatist-Baptist’, and finally abbreviated to Baptist. Son Ashbel became its first minister. He was reputed to have so much influence with the Almighty that in times of drought, it was useless to pray for rain until the parson’s hay was in.

Cottage Grove Road was called Gillette Street in the 19th century because several members of the family had built houses along this road. One that remains is the 1800 Jonathan Keyes Gillett home that is on Bloom Hill Farm. Directly across the street, Captain Amos Gillett built his house that is no longer standing. A private dirt road there leads to Wash Brook where Amos in 1780 built a gristmill that he and subsequent members of the family operated until 1865. All traces of the mill have been washed away by floods.

Ashbel Gillet had a large family. The eldest, Francis, was probably the most prominent in local and state history. He was a farmer, educator, temperance advocate and political figure. He aided in the formation of the Republican Party. He served in the Connecticut legislature and was appointed to fill the term of a U.S. Senator who had resigned. He built a trap rock house in 1834 on Bloomfield Avenue that became a station on the underground railroad before the Civil War. The house was subsequently moved by Connecticut General to another location farther north and nearer the road. It was put on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

His strong opinion against liquor was linked to the naming of The America Temperance Life Insurance Company in his role as an incorporator. When the temperance movement influence subsided, the name became Phoenix Mutual.

In the 1850s, he moved his family to Hartford and built a house on what is now called Gillette Street. His youngest son, William, became interested in the stage, a vocation his father frowned upon. But a friend and neighbor, Samuel Clemens, persuaded his father to allow him to pursue his dreams. William went on to become a very successful playwright and actor, best known for his role of Sherlock Holmes. He built the castle on the Connecticut River at Hadlyme that is now the centerpiece of a Connecticut State Park.

And finally, it was Francis Gillet (now Gillette) who, recalling the flowering meadows of his father’s farm, came up with the name Bloomfield when Wintonbury was incorporated as a town in 1834

by Ralph Schmoll
Wintonbury Historical Society

ANSWERS TO TRIVIA QUESTIONS

1. Curtis H. Veeder of Veeder-Root
2. Sandstone
3. The Ecclesiastical Society at the Congregational Church
4. Ovation guitar
5. A Brown Drum


Sources

- Surtout n'éteint pas cette petite chandelle qui nous rattache au passé.

Le vrai tombeau des morts est le coeur des vivant, il suffit de fermer les yeux et

nous sommes avec eux.

Bienvenue sur la généalogie de Francis GILLET et Anne-Marie COLLIN , provenant de Mochamps, commune de Tenneville et de Halleux, commune de La Roche-en-Ardenne.

-
En hommage à nos ancêtres, contemporains et descendants des familles GILLET- LOUIS, BIET-SEVRIN, COLLIN-ARNOULD, ANTOINE-RENARD et toutes personnes apparentées.
Si vous voulez obtenir des renseignements sur la basse, remarquez une erreur ou nous communiquez une information, n&rsquohésitez pas à nous contacter, [email protected]

peut-être sommes nous lointains cousins.

Tous les patronymes cités dans cet arbre ont un lien direct ou indirect avec notre famille.

-
Merci à tous ceux qui m'on aidé à réaliser ce travail.

- L'arbre est en perpétuelle évolution -

- Bonne recherche et merci de votre visite -


Francis GILLETTE, Congress, CT (1807-1879)

GILLETTE Francis , a Senator from Connecticut born in that portion of Old Windsor now included in the town of Bloomfield, Hartford County, Conn., December 14, 1807 moved with his parents to Ashfield, Mass. graduated from Yale College in 1829 commenced the study of law, but his health becoming impaired he engaged in agricultural pursuits in Bloomfield member, State house of representatives 1832, 1836, 1838 unsuccessful candidate for Governor in 1841 and several times subsequently chairman of the board of education of Connecticut 1849-1865 moved to Hartford in 1852 elected as a Free Soil candidate to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Truman Smith and served from May 24, 1854, to March 3, 1855 was not a candidate for reelection in 1854 lecturer on agriculture and temperance trustee of the State normal school and served as its president for many years aided in the formation of the Republican Party in Connecticut and for several years was a silent partner in the Evening Press, the organ of that party engaged in the real estate business in Hartford, Conn. died in Hartford, Conn., on September 30, 1879 interment in Riverside Cemetery, Farmington, Conn.


Gillett Coon Supper

In Arkansas, one of the most acknowledged, anticipated, and attended wild game dinners is the annual Gillett Coon Supper held on the second weekend of January, with proceeds providing scholarships to Gillett (Arkansas County) area graduating high school seniors. The Gillett Coon Supper has also become a veritable rite of passage for people seeking election to political office.

Hunters in Gillett, named in honor of railroad president Francis M. Gillett, at first gathered to share successful hunts, in this case raccoon, with friends and neighbors in a social gathering, which then escalated to an organized fundraising event for the Gillett High School Wolves football program. Recognizing the need for the community to have an avenue to deal with community ills and issues, this rural, agricultural community organized the Gillett Farmer’s and Businessmen’s Club (GFBC) in 1947, a non-profit group. The club’s premier event became the sponsoring of the raccoon supper. Since 1947, the club has sponsored the annual raccoon supper, which soon grew in size and began attracting people from across the state: nearly 1,200 people each year descend upon the high school gym for an evening meal and socializing—this in a town that had a population of 819 in 2000. Patrons from across the state and even outside the state attend the sold-out fundraiser. The presence of politicians appears to be the main attraction, with the Gillett Coon Supper growing into one of the biggest unofficial political events of the state. Candidates are not allowed to make speeches, but incumbents are. Marion Berry of Gillett, representing Arkansas’s First Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives, partook in the annual supper long before he ever entered the political arena.

The Advanced Placement English class at Gillett High School documented the January 1986 Gillett Coon Supper in a book, Welcome to Gillett: Home of Friendly People and the Coon Supper, complete with photos, an oral history by James Carrol Place (emcee for more than forty years), and newspaper stories. At that, the forty-third Gillett Coon Supper, more than 2,000 pounds of barbequed raccoon were consumed. The women of the community provided ten bushels of sweet potatoes, 100 pounds of barbeque rice, fourteen hams (for those who do not eat raccoon), 2,000 rolls, and assorted cakes. Gillett high school boys provided the set up and take down.

By 2003, with Gillett High School enrollment at 121, the school reorganized and consolidated with the DeWitt School Board. In 2005, Gillett High School was the smallest public high school in the state. On June 30, 2009, Gillett High School closed its doors for good. The previous month, the school board voted to close the high school along with Gillett Middle School and Humphrey Elementary School, with students being transferred to DeWitt (Arkansas County) in the fall of 2009. The question of continuing the supper was held in the balance as the high school gym was the only town facility large enough to accommodate the supper. The DeWitt School District approved allowing the GFBC to continue to use the gym for the annual event. Money raised still goes toward scholarships for students who live in the original Gillett School District.

For additional information:
“An Evening of Coon, ‘Taters’ and Tall Tales.” Arkansas Democrat Magazine. February 19, 1967, p. 6–7.

Steed, Stephen. “Critter Annual Star, but Beef, Pig at Meal.” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, January 13, 2018, pp. 1A, 8A.

Upshaw, Amy. “Organizers Get Gym OK Coon Supper to Continue,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. June 3, 2009, pp. 1A, 8A.


The evolution of Gillette

It almost goes without saving that the Gillette razors we know and love today have had quite the storied development since the late 19th century. For a better understanding of the game-changing product’s beat by beat evolution, we’ve taken it upon ourselves to compile an abridged timeline for your consideration.

  • 1900 – The Prototype
    King C. Gillette has the revolutionary idea of disposable blades so thin and so strong, that they were initially deemed “impossible” to forge by MIT-trained scientists.
  • 1920 – New & Improved
    The Gillette Safety Razor Company set their sights on creating the first ever mechanical innovation in the then-young business’ history – by devising a way to let the blade angle itself more accurately and improving the grip… the first “instrument of precision.”
  • 1957 – Enter: Adjustability
    At this point in time, Gillette had come up with the first adjustable razor with three different settings – for light, medium, and heavy beards. Later on down the track, additional settings would be added totaling to nine whole configurations.
  • 1965 – Techmatic
    The Techmatic was the first system razor featuring what’s known as a ‘continuous band’. What this meant is that you’d no longer have to touch the blade. This same design was also the earliest iteration of what we use today – in terms of aesthetic and function.
  • 1971 – Trac II
    Gillette introduces the first twin-blade shaving system
  • 1985 – Atra Plus
    Gillette introduces the first razor with a lubricating strip.
  • 1998 – Mach 3
    Gillette once again sets the benchmark with triple-blade technology. If there’s anything men from all across the globe should be thanking for the current quality of a close and smooth shave in the present day, it’s this.

NESGA

The New England Senior Golfers&rsquo Association boasts a long and storied history. While many of our members distinguished themselves in golf or other pursuits, the NESGA membership has been comprised of men who appreciate golf and the people who make up the game. At its inception, the New England Seniors was fortunate to have a strong leader. Julius Maxwell, an advertising executive was one of the incorporators of the NESGA. He served as the first President of the association, and remained as its President from 1922 to 1938. He was able to successfully lead the association through the Great Depression. While many golf clubs and similar associations, failed, Mr. Maxwell was able to lead the NESGA through this troubled period. Another of the distinguished gentlemen who were instrumental in the growth of the NESGA was George Wright. Mr. Wright was a member of the Woodland Golf Club who was part of the early discussions, which preceded the formation of the New England Seniors.

Elected into the Pro Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937, George Wright was a standout shortstop in professional baseball&rsquos early years, winning 4 championships between 1872-1875, playing for the Boston Red Stockings. After retiring from baseball he entered the sporting goods business and established the firm of Wright and Ditson which sold golf and tennis equipment. Mr. Wright served as an incorporator of the Seniors and served on the Board of Governors. In 1934, Mr. Wright proposed having a &ldquotournament within a tournament&rdquo a special competition specifically for men who have celebrated their 80th birthday. Thus, the Gold Star division was born. Mr. Wright later was inducted into baseball&rsquos Hall of Fame in Cooperstown. Among the first class of five Gold Star members were former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and United States Senator Frederick Gillette, Congressman Alexander Treadway and George Wright himself. Gillette is still the only person to be Speaker of the United States House of Representatives and a popularly elected member of the United States Senate. Mr. Gillette hailed from Westfield, Massachusetts and Mr. Treadway from Stockbridge, Massachusetts. Mr. Treadway was the proprietor of the Red Lion Inn in Stockbridge.The Post World War II period saw tremendous growth in the association, and membership exploded from 220 to 400 by 1970. A call was made to initiate more events, and this expansion launched the schedule the NESGA currently has. The association grew from a single championship event to hosting an event in the Summer, later one in the Fall was added, to the point where we now have five separate events throughout the season. In 1948, the NESGA saw a familiar youngster of join their ranks when Francis Ouimet became a member. Mr. Ouimet remained a member until passing in 1967. He was a regular participant in its competitions. He also served the association as a member of the Board of Governors and ultimately as First Vice President.

Mr. Ouimet was never able to capture the championship of the association. It is said that he appreciated the collegiality of the association and appreciated the opportunity to socialize with so many old associates at the NESGA events. When approached about becoming President of the NESGA, he demurred stating that there were other men who had served the association in a more meaningful capacity.

The NESGA had another great name added in the 1960&rsquos, that of Bishop. Leon Bishop joined the organization and soon became a force in the association, serving on the Board of Governors as Tournament Chairman officer and as President of the NESGA. He later served as the first Executive Secretary of the association where he handled the daily duties of the association, selected the tournament sites and set the handicaps for members (pre computer time). Leon was joined in the NESGA by his brother Stanley E. (Ted) Bishop in 1967. While Ted overshadowed Leon in their younger days, Leon won the championship, while Ted was never able to enter the winner&rsquos circle at the Jarboe. However,

Ted won numerous amateur tournaments, including three Massachusetts Amateurs and two New England Amateurs, with his biggest win being the 1946 U.S. Amateur at Baltusrol Golf Club in Springfield, New Jersey. Ted also played on the winning Walker Cup teams in 1947 and 1949.

The focus of the NESGA has always been the annual championship, named in 1961 after Perron C. Jarboe. To single out Perron Jarboe would be to shortchange the caliber of play displayed by several of its champions including Roy Moore, Owen Shiro, Fordie Pitts, John Mercer, Gael Coakley, all who won three or more championships.

The New England Senior Golfers&rsquo Association in 1998 established a Charitable Gift Fund to give back to golf. Since that time monies have been distributed to students and junior golf programs have been supported. In 2011, the John A. Casey New England Senior Golfers&rsquo Association scholarship became an endowed scholarship under the auspices of the Francis Ouimet Fund. The Charitable Gift Fund has annually makes donations to the Widdy Neale Scholarship Fund (Ct. Golf Association) The John Burke Scholarship Fund (Rhode Island Golf Association) The Richard McDonough Scholarship (New Hampshire Golf Association) and the Maine Golf Association scholarship fund and the Vermont Golf Association scholarship fund. Donations are also made to the First Tee of Massachusetts and the Button Hole Golf Course in Rhode Island to help promote junior golf and help grow the game.

The NESGA looks forward to the future while being respectful of its past.


Founders

Father Louis Florent Gillet was born in Antwerp, Belgium, January 12, 1813 and baptized the same day at the Franciscan Church of St. Anthony. Although little of his childhood can be documented, it is known that education was highly prized in the family. Louis received the best that the times could provide. In 1827, he began his classical studies at the Royal College of Liege his religious education was pursued at the seminary in the ancient Abbey of Rolduc. In 1832, having completed his philosophy studies at the State University of Louvain, he announced his decision to enter the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists).

At age 20, Louis entered the Redemptorist House at St. Trond, Belgium. Two years later, he pronounced his religious vows, and on March 10, 1838, he was ordained a priest. His great desire was to join his brother priests who had begun missions in the United States. In 1843 his dream was realized as he eagerly departed for the missions in America.

Once arrived in the United States, Father Gillet preached many successful missions, one of which was at St. Anthony in Monroe, Michigan. The parish was to become a missionary base for the Redemptorists and its name would be changed to St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception. Father Gillet became pastor of the church and superior of the Monroe foundation. In 1844, Father Gillet met Theresa Maxis, a member of the Oblate Sisters of Providence in Baltimore. He convinced her of the great needs of the children in Michigan. In November 1845, she left the Oblate Sisters and, with Father Gillet, founded the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. In his later years, Father Gillet returned to Europe and entered a Cistercian monastery where he was known as Pere Marie Celestin. He remained a Cistercian until his death in 1892.

Mother Theresa Maxis Duchemin

In 1845 Theresa Maxis was one of the first three members of the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (IHM) in Monroe, Michigan (the other two were Sisters Ann Schaaf and Celestine Renauld). Born in Baltimore in 1810, of a Haitian mother and British father, she was well educated and articulate in both French and English. At age19, along with Mother Mary Lange and two other women, she became a founding member of the Oblate Sisters of Providence, the first congregation of women religious of color in the world.

While general superior of the Oblate Sisters Theresa met Louis Florent Gillet, C.Ss.R. who was seeking women religious to teach in Catholic schools in the still new State of Michigan. After much discernment, Theresa agreed to help Father Gillet found a new congregation in Monroe.

The congregation grew slowly but was well known for its educational works. A jurisdictional dispute about the congregation arose in 1859 between the bishops of Philadelphia and Detroit. The bishop of Detroit held Theresa responsible, deposed her as General Superior, and sent her to the Pennsylvania foundation, which later became a separate branch of the congregation.

Because of many difficulties and misunderstandings, Mother Theresa was forced to leave the Congregation and spent 17 years in exile with the Grey nuns of Ottawa, where she kept firm in her faith and love for her IHM congregation. In 1885, Mother Theresa was allowed to return to the IHM congregation in West Chester, Pennsylvania, where she lived her last seven years. Loved and admired by her sisters and others who knew her, Mother Theresa’s legacy of courage, peace and service to the poor continues in now three IHM congregations of Monroe, Michigan, Immaculata and Scranton, Pennsylvania.


Gillette’s Strange History with the Razor and Blade Strategy

In 1904, King Gillette — who names their kid King? — received two patents on razors, blades, and the combination of the two. As the patents make clear, Gillette had a clear vision of the markets that he would create: “Hence,” stated the patent application, “I am able to produce and sell my blades so cheaply that the user may buy them in quantities and throw them away when dull without making the expense … as great as that of keeping the prior blades sharp.”

But Gillette did more than invent a new razor and a new blade. As Chris Anderson notes in his recent business bestseller, Free, Gillette invented an entire business strategy, one that’s still invoked in business schools and implemented today across many industries — from VCRs and DVD players to video game systems like the Xbox and now ebook readers. It’s pretty simple: invest in an installed base by selling a product at low prices or even giving them away, then sell a related product at high prices to recoup the prior investment. King Gillette launched us down this road.

Or did he? In a recent draft paper, I have looked at the early days of Gillette, and the actual facts from the dawn of the disposable razor blades market are quite confounding. Gillette’s 1904 patents gave it the power to block entry into the installed base of handles that it would create. While other firms could and did enter the replaceable-blade market with their own handles and blades, no one could produce Gillette-style handles or blades during the life of the patents.

From 1904 through 1921, Gillette could have played razors-and-blades — low-price or free handles and expensive blades — but didn’t. Instead, Gillette set a high price for its handle and fought to maintain those high prices during the life of the patents. The firm understood to have invented razors-and-blades as a business strategy did not play that strategy at the point that it was best situated to do so.

It was only in 1921, when the 1904 patents expired, that Gillette started to play something like razors-and-blades, though the actual facts are much more interesting. Before the expiration of the Gillette patents, the replaceable-blade market was segmented, with Gillette occupying the high end with razor sets listing at $5.00 and other brands such as Ever-Ready and Gem Junior occupying the low-end with sets listing at $1.00.

Given Gillette’s high prices for its handle, it had cause to fear duplicative entries into the handles market when its patents expired, but it had a solution: in 1921, it dropped its old handle prices to match those of its replaceable-blade competitors. And Gillette simultaneously introduced a new patented razor handle sold at its traditional high price point. Gillette was now selling a product line, with the old-style Gillette priced to compete at the low-end and the new Gillette occupying the high end. Gillette foreclosed low-end entry by doing it itself and also offered an upgrade path with the new handle.

Gillette’s pricing strategy for its replacement blades showed a remarkable stickiness. By 1909, the Gillette list price for a dozen blades was $1 and Gillette maintained that price until 1924, though there clearly was discounting off of list. In 1924, Gillette reduced the number of blades in a pack from 12 to 10 but maintained the $1.00 list price — a real price jump if not a nominal one.

If Gillette had finally understood razors-and-blades they might have coupled their new low-end razor with higher blade prices, and the two changes do roughly coincide. But the other event, of course, was the expiration of the 1904 blade patents and eventual entry of Gillette blade competitors. That should have pushed blade prices down and made it difficult for Gillette to play razors-and-blades.

With the expiration of the patents, Gillette no longer had a way to tie the blades to the handles and thus, at least on paper, seemed to have no good way to play razors-and-blades. With the expiration of the patents, other companies could now make cheaper blades for Gillette’s handles, undercutting Gillette’s prices and therefore the strategy. So how did Gillette remain profitable, given that it missed its apparent dominant strategy? With sale of razor sets to the U.S. government during World War I and the jump in handle sales with the introduction of the low-price old-style handle, Gillette’s installed based jumped rapidly and the profits followed.

So it was exactly at that point — when it seemed no longer possible — that Gillette played something like razors-and-blades. That was also, incongruously, when it made the most money. Razors-and-blades seems to have worked at the point where the theory suggests that it shouldn’t have.

What should we take away from this? Did Gillette just miss a better strategy or was Gillette investing in a high-quality brand, which required high prices for the razor handles? Are psychological ties — habit and the like — more important than the legal ties that could have come with the patents? In 1904, knowing what you know about razors-and-blades today, what strategy would you have advised King Gillette to play?

Randy Picker is a professor at The University of Chicago Law School.


Watch the video: Francis Lalanne chante Gilet jaune sur un rond-point de Vendée (July 2022).


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